The 2015 Paris Agreement required participating countries to limit and reduce their greenhouse gas emissions in order to keep global temperature rise «well below» 2 degrees Celsius since pre-industrial times. Yes, there is broad consensus within the scientific community, although some deny that climate change is a problem, including politicians in the United States. When negotiating teams meet for international climate talks, «there is less skepticism about science and more disagreement about how to set priorities,» said David Victor, professor of international relations at the University of California, San Diego. The basic science is that: finally, the agreement has a section on financial, technical and capacity strengthening aid and cooperation, which includes a two-year cycle, to verify whether commitments and commitments are being met. Since financial assistance is often directed to mitigation projects, the agreement corrects this asymmetry by ensuring that aid is put in place in a balanced manner between mitigation and adaptation. In addition, adjustment funding should be based on the public sector and subsidies, and the contribution of rich countries should be increased over time. For all these reasons, we can confirm that this agreement will bring about changes and solutions to the climate crisis for several decades to go. On the other hand, there is a good chance that when this agreement comes into force in 2020, we will have exceeded the level of emissions that will keep us below 1.5 degrees Celsius and that the geopolitical reality of the climate will be marked by the most powerful countries. But this international process is not the only solution.
We must not let our governments tackle this global challenge alone and we must all act at all levels to ensure a truly ecological and socially just transition everywhere, in all sectors! President Donald Trump was the first and only head of state in the world to withdraw from the international agreement on June 1, 2017. Its unilateral decision has placed one of the world`s largest emitters of greenhouse gases outside the global commitment. But the United States will not be the only country to abandon the planet. Among the world`s largest and most advanced economies, no country will fulfill the mission of the Paris Agreement to avoid more than 1.5 degrees of warming by the end of the century.